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Architect Details
British William Oldham Chambers

Title    Sir
Full Title  
First Name   William
Middle Name(s)   Oldham
Last Name / Firm Name   Chambers

Nationality   British
Birth Date   1723
Death Date   1796
Circa Date  

Chambers was born in Goteborg, Sweden to English parents. He was sent to England for his education and returned to Sweden when he was 16, where he worked for the Swedish East India Company between 1740 and 1749. His work for the Company took him to the Far East three times, giving him an unparalleled first-hand knowledge of Asian architecture, a unique qualification among European architects of the day. Chambers made enough money in the Far East to retire at any early age and pursue the practice of architecture. He studied architecture in Paris and Italy, staying in the latter for five years. In 1755 he returned to England, where he began his architecture practice. In 1757 Chambers was appointed architectural tutor to the young Prince of Wales (later George III), which resulted in royal favor for the rest of his life. Chambers’s publications included the very influential “Treatise on Civil Architecture” (1759), which became the standard work on the Classical tradition, and “Designs of Chinese Buildings, Furniture, Dresses, Machines and Utensils” of 1757. In 1767 he became architect to the Office of Works, followed by appointment as the Comptroller of the Works in 1769. Chambers was essential in the formation of the Royal Academy and designed its new home, Somerset House, possibly his most famous work. He was made a Knight of the Polar Star by the King of Sweden.

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House for Viscount Melbourne, 1771-74
Library for Sir Charles Bunbury, 6th Baronet,
Decorated and designed fireplaces for Old Dining Room and Boudoir, circa 1761
Temple of Diana, New Bridge for 4th Duke. Lion heads, wreaths, laurels on East Gate, 1770s
Stables and alterations to House, circa 1865
Alterations, 1760s
Repairs to House for the Prince Regent. Chambers was succeeded by Henry Holland., 1783
Exclamation Gate for 5th Earl, circa 1770
Extended attic, 1768-70
May have designed House for Robert Mitchell, 1770-71
Decoration of 3 main rooms, circa 1770
Garden Temple. Originally built for Danson Park; moved to St. Paul's Walden Bury in 1961,
House for James Hamilton, 8th Earl of Abercorn, 1763-68
House, circa 1760
Stables, 1757-63
Enlarged earlier house of 1720, circa 1760
Doric Temple (Dairy) for Princess Amelia,
Temple (removed to Cobham Hall, Kent in 1820),
Folly for Earl of Charlemont, 1762
Reworked House, 1771
Built new house, incorporating Abbot's Hall, for Joseph Damer, Lord Milton, later 1st Earl of Dorchester, 1771-74
South Front, Georgian
Villa for 2nd Earl of Bessborough (Chambers's first private commission), circa 1760
House, circa 1775
Interiors, 18th century
Current government building on the site, 1775
Garden Temple. Originally built for Danson Park, Kent; moved to St. Paul's Walden Bury in 1961,
Redesigned House and stable block for Lord Clive, 1763
Triumphal Arch, 1755

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